U.S. dollar struggles, pound hits one-year high

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FILE PHOTO: A picture illustration shows U.S. 100 dollar bank notes taken in Tokyo

By Laura Matthews and Alun John

NEW YORK/LONDON (Reuters) – The dollar remained relatively weaker against most of its major peers on Monday, as traders wait for the Federal Reserve to acknowledge an end to its hiking cycle while trying to hedge the risk of potential recession.

The dollar index, which measures the currency against six rivals, was down 0.1% in late morning trading at 101.21, a better showing than the one-year low of 100.78 reached last month.

The Fed raised rates by 25 basis points last week but sounded slightly more cautious than peers on the outlook, dropping guidance about the need for future hikes.

“Everybody keeps looking for the economic activity and the data to support the idea that there’ll be a recession in the U.S. whether it’s in the second half of this year (or) in the final quarter,” said Joe Francomano, portfolio manager at Gelber Group LLC in New York.

“But then you keep getting these strong U.S. employment data that shows strength and continued wage pressures. So, it seems we keep putting off the inevitable or the inevitable will never come as far as the recession is concerned.”

Fed funds futures traders are now pricing for the fed funds rate to reach 4.993 in July, and remain below that all year. The Fed’s target range stands at 5% to 5.25%, having risen rapidly from 0% since March 2022.

“Central bank policy divergence remains in the driver’s seat and continues to underpin European currencies at the dollar’s expense,” said Joe Manimbo, senior market analyst at Convera.

“The Fed’s latest rate hike could be its last while the Bank of England is expected to hike this week and further over the coming months, buoying the pound.”

Sterling hit a more than one-year peak against the dollar on Monday, with the pound traded as high as $1.2668, its highest since April 2022, but slipped slightly below that, and was last seen up 0.11% at $1.2641. The pound remains in focus this week ahead of an expected Bank of England rate increase on Thursday, and has also been firming versus the euro.

Against the dollar, the euro has rallied nearly 16% from September lows, and is trading little changed on the day at $1.1022, supported by expectations the European Central Bank will keep interest rates high for longer than the Fed. The ECB last week also slowed the pace of its interest rate increases but signalled more tightening to come.

Traders remain watchful of the debt ceiling impasse on Capitol Hill, with the Treasury Secretary warning the government might be unable to pay debts by June 1. Meanwhile, U.S. inflation data due on Wednesday, could indicate whether the Fed must do more to rein in inflation.

Elsewhere, the dollar was flat against the yen at 134.885.

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Currency bid prices at 10:31AM (1431 GMT)

Description RIC Last U.S. Close Pct Change YTD Pct High Bid Low Bid

Previous Change

Session

Dollar index 101.2000 101.3200 -0.11% -2.213% +101.3300 +101.0300

Euro/Dollar $1.1025 $1.1019 +0.06% +2.90% +$1.1054 +$1.1016

Dollar/Yen 134.9350 134.8600 +0.06% +2.93% +135.2850 +134.6500

Euro/Yen 148.78 148.57 +0.14% +6.04% +149.2700 +148.6400

Dollar/Swiss 0.8892 0.8905 -0.15% -3.83% +0.8912 +0.8869

Sterling/Dollar $1.2642 $1.2631 +0.11% +4.56% +$1.2668 +$1.2627

Dollar/Canadian 1.3358 1.3374 -0.10% -1.39% +1.3387 +1.3315

Aussie/Dollar $0.6792 $0.6750 +0.61% -0.37% +$0.6803 +$0.6740

Euro/Swiss 0.9804 0.9812 -0.08% -0.94% +0.9822 +0.9801

Euro/Sterling 0.8719 0.8722 -0.03% -1.41% +0.8746 +0.8721

NZ $0.6351 $0.6293 +0.92% +0.02% +$0.6359 +$0.6294

Dollar/Dollar

Dollar/Norway 10.5000 10.5690 -0.90% +6.73% +10.5740 +10.4670

Euro/Norway 11.5797 11.6451 -0.60% +10.35% +11.6640 +11.5440

Dollar/Sweden 10.1518 10.1433 -0.05% -2.46% +10.1951 +10.1340

Euro/Sweden 11.1890 11.1951 -0.05% +0.35% +11.2263 +11.1869

(Reporting by Laura Matthews in New York and Alun John in London; Additional reporting by Tom Westbrook in Singapore; Editing by Alexander Smith and Chizu Nomiyama)

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